Well, this was a reading for my cultural history nerd side. I think the title explains pretty much what the book was about. It is essentially a review of the main lines of social, cultural, and economic change from the close of the Middle Ages through the late Renaissance. The medieval world was a world of order, stability, tradition, communality. With the expansion of commerce, industry, and finance-capital the quiet, inactive town burgher became the active, aggressive merchant-capitalist, financier, sea trader. This growing bourgeois element “rose” against the feudal nobility and clergy, destroying the whole traditional solidaristic basis of the medieval society. And well, explains the process through the new values and general changes introduced by the new bourgeois culture.